Sunday, 22 August 2010
Oppression of the 200 million Dalits
Dalit children, being disproportionately poor, most heavily suffer the ills of an inequitable and ineffective education system in India.
Les Dalits demeurent souvent des paysans sans terre et assurent les taches considérées comme les plus dégradantes, telles que le ramassage des ordures et la crémation des animaux morts. Nombreux sont les cas de jeunes dalits données comme prostituées aux hommes des hautes castes pour payer les dettes de la famille.
To be a Dalit today means having to live in a subhuman, degraded, insecure fashion: Every hour, two Dalits are assaulted. Every day, three Dalit women are raped, and two killed.
In most parts of India, Dalits continue to be barred from entering Hindu temples or other holy places - although doing so is against the law.
Their women are banned from wearing shoes in the presence of caste Hindus.
Dalit children often suffer a form of apartheid at school by being made to sit at the back of the classroom. They remain socially scorned in city and country, and they are over-represented among India's uneducated, malnourished and poor.
To be born a Hindu in India is to enter the caste system, one of the world's longest surviving forms of social stratification. Embedded in Indian culture for the past 1,500 years, the caste system follows a basic precept: All men are created unequal.
Untouchables are outcasts—people considered too impure, too polluted, to rank as worthy beings. Prejudice defines their lives, particularly in the rural areas, where nearly three-quarters of India's people live. Untouchables are shunned, insulted, banned from temples and higher caste homes, made to eat and drink from separate utensils in public places, and, in extreme but not uncommon cases, are raped, burned, lynched, and gunned down. (National Geographic)