The mandate system granted a limited amount of independence to Egypt. Under the mandate system, Egypt was free to conduct its internal affairs as it wished, with many economic exceptions, but had to accept British military bases on their soil, and were obliged to conduct foreign policy according to the wishes of the British Empire.
Following WWI, Egypt entered a period of constitutional monarchy. Subsequently, Egyptian nationalism came to identify its national aspirations with the dissolving of the monarch and the ejection of the British.
Many of the elected members of the parliament were largely Europeanized, and were socially separated from the mainstream of Egyptian society. The Muslim Brotherhood formed in the 1930s, and with a membership that reached into the tens of thousands, would take a commanding role in modern Egyptian history using Islam as a vehicle for Egyptian nationalism and full independence from England.
The disoolution of the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI brought indeed many changes!!!
With the advent of the British and French mandates, Egypt, Syrian Jordan, and Iraq turned into modern states and with the new sense of statehood came a new interest in traditional Islam.