For example, Douglas Herrmann's multimodal approach emphasizes that people who seriously want to enhance their memory must adopt a comprehensive approach to memory improvement; this approach focuses on many different modes or factors (Herrmann, 1991; Herrmann et al., 2002).
A comprehensive approach requires us to pay attention to our physical condition by getting sufficient sleep and attending to health problem.
Also, students who have a strong motivation to achieve success are also likely to have high grade-point average (Robbins et al., 2004).
People who want to improve their memories should develop a repertoire of several-improvement techniques:
- Do not divide your attention between several simultaneous tasks.
- Process information in terms of its meaning, by emphasizing elaborative encodings, distinctiveness, and self-reference.
- Try to learn material in the same context as the one in which you will be tested.
- The amount you learn depends on the total time you spend practicing.
- You will learn more if you spread your learning trials over time
- You will enhance your memory just by taking tests on the material.
- Use imagery (mnemonics) that shows an interaction between the items that need to be recalled.
- Use chunking by combining isolated items into meaningful units.
- Construct a hierarchy by arranginf items in a series of classes.
- Create a narrative, or a story that links a series of words together.
- Create a vivid, interactive mental image to prompt future recall.
- Create a specific reminder or an external memory aid.