"All humans are members of the same body Created from one essence"

"Human beings are members of a whole in creation of one essence and soul. If one member is afflicted with pain, other members uneasy will remain."

Tuesday, 8 June 2010

Metaphors & Peace

"It is a condition of wisdom in the archer to be patient, because when the arrow leaves the bow it returns no more." Sa'di

The key to constructing metaphors is to realize that the two items in the metaphor are connected by an abstract or nonliteral relationship.

The quotation comes from Sa'di, the thirteenth-century Persian traveller, storyteller, poet and muslim mystic. Sa'di uses a metaphor of an archer who shoots with a bow and arrow. The poet is saying that once a war is started, there is no going back.

Will there ever be peace on earth? Country leaders shouldn't be wiser and PATIENT before starting a WAR?

Sufism is a mystical Islamic belief and it is known for its contribution to beautiful figurative language and symbolic poetry. The Persian poet Sa'di also wrote Scroll of Wisdom.

Sa'di believed that students should be taught compassion, benevolence, the true meaning of friendship, humility and love in order to understand the true meaning of the dove and the olive tree.


The man of good parts maketh choice of benevolence;
For mankind becometh prosperous from benevolence.
Be conqueror of the world through kindness and benevolence;
Be a chief in the kingdom of kindness and generosity.
Benevolence is the attribute of men of piety,
Benevolence is the duty of the prosperous.
Benevolence is the touchstone of the alloy of sin, p. 33
Benevolence is the medicine for all ills.
Be not, if you can, void of benevolence,
That you may snatch the ball of excellence owing to benevolence.

The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle who lived from 384 BCE to 322 BCE (more than 2, 300 years ago) stated that friendship has three components: friendship based on utility, friendship based on pleasure, and perfect friendship based on goodness.

Aristotle wrote " Only the friendship of those who are good, and similar in their goodness, is perfect. For these people each alike wish good for the other, and they are good in themselves. And it is those who desire the good of their friends for the friends' sake that are most truly friends, because each loves the other for what he/she is, and not for any incidental quality. Friendship of this kind permanent, because in it are united all the attributes that friends ought to have."

It is our role as educators to teach the idea of the shared commitment to the good. A teacher is one who makes goodness attractive.

It is not easy to teach middle school students the concept of empathy, integrative power, and compassion. Gandhi and Martin Luther King decided to transform their anger into positive actions and universal love.

Gandhi wrote "I am a believer in the truth of all the great religions of the world. There will be no lasting peace on Earth unless we learn not merely to tolerate but even to respect the other faiths as our own."

Therefore, Integrative Power should be taught to middle and high school students in order to develop responsible citizens who will fight for peace and take action against injustices.

Kenneth E. Boulding wrote on the Three Faces of Power (1989) that Integrative Power is when we "do something authentic (from our heart), and in the process, we have faith that we will end up closer in our relations."

So, I truly believe that Integrative Power is THE solution for all the conflict that we are witnessing today in our Planet Earth.

Boulding also believes that Integrative Power "would allow humanity to avoid nuclear annihilation or environmental disaster, and lead to a better future."

In the Name of God, the Merciful and Compassionate! I believe that Integrative Power is also the concept that we should strive to teach.

Teachers should strive to teach adolescents skills and knowledge that will motivate them to take steps to improve their relationships with their friends in school. Integrative power is the power that should binds them together.

Prejudice and discrimination are "disintegrative power, the integration that is achieved through hatred, fear, and the threat of the common ennemy." (Boulding, 1989)

So, teachers should use Critical Literacy to help students become aware of prejudice and discrimination. Students will read their world through a critical stance and it will lead them to EMPOWEREMENT!

1 comment:

Fiyin said...

This is a beautiful text.
It really shows how important integrative power is.
I also enjoyed reading about the 'Benevolence' text.